23 Types of Windows Used in Building Construction

Types of Windows in Building Construction

Windows are vented barriers fixed in the walls of buildings for ventilation purposes.

They allow people to gaze at outside views effortlessly and directly. Windows serve the purposes of admitting natural light, air, or gazing; they also help elevate the beauty of buildings.

Windows have been part of buildings from ancient times, although, there have been improvements of different kinds as the world moves further into technological developments.

As a result of these inventions, different designs and patterns have sprung up to beautify buildings and improve functionalities.

However, different types of windows are fixed in a building, depending extensively on the room size, the climatic condition of the location, architectural design, room utility, and room location.

 

Different Types of Windows in Building Construction

The various types of windows include sliding, pivoted, fixed, double-hung, metal, louver, sash, bay, and lots more. Let’s take a closer look at them.

 

1. Casement Window

    Types of Windows in Building Construction

    Image credit: air-titewindows.com

    Casement windows are beautiful and unique with side hinges offering easy opening and closing. They are excellent wind and rain resistors and are perfect for cold climates. They are, however, not suitable for areas with high traffic since they are not very secure.  The windows can easily open inwards and outwards.

     

    2. Pivoted Window

      Types of Windows in Building Construction

      Image credit: carminatiserramenti.com

      As the name implies, the pivoted window performs pivoting functions. It is fixed to a center frame hinge and offers a horizontal or vertical opening and closing.

      The window can be made to open either at 180 degrees or 90 degrees. Thus, it is an excellent window when seeking perfect air ventilation. Also, it is usually soundproof and great for areas with high rain or snowfall.

       

      3. Double Hung Window

        types of window frames

        Image credit: 4feldco.com

        The double-hung window has a high level of functionality and reliability. It is generally easy to maintain, cheap, and strong. The double-hung window typically moves vertically within the window frame grooves, allowing the window shutter to move up and down to any extent to offer maximum ventilation.  You can easily clean this window type in and out.

         

        4. Sliding Window

           types of window frames

          Image credit: pellabranch.com

          It is one of the most modern windows with global acceptance. Sliding windows offer ease of control and minimal space usage.

          They are inserted over small roller bearings and can move horizontally or vertically. They are typically a simple window and one of the cheapest options. They are versatile and offer a lot of light and air to the room.

           

          5. Metal Window

            types of windows architecture

            Image credit: traditionalbuilding.com

            Metal windows are one of the most accepted window types because the prices are pocket-friendly. The materials used in making metal windows are usually bronze, aluminum, or stainless steel.

            They are beautiful and strong against rust. Also, they are moderately priced and their maintenance is easy.

             

            6. Egress Window

            types of windows architecture

            Image credit: amshieldcorp.com

            Egress windows are one of the most popular windows used in buildings with vaulted ceilings. Egress is often fixed; hence, you cannot open it inside or outside. These types of windows are easy to manage and install.

            With an Egress window, there is no need for curtains or blinds since they have aesthetic qualities. The price of the window can fluctuate between cheap and moderately expensive.

             

            7. Dormer Window

            Types of Windows in Building Construction

            Image credit: wcmanet.org

            Dormer windows are universally best for buildings with angled roofs. They help to provide light for buildings and are of many types, depending on the buyer's interest. The windows are easy to clean and maintain.

             

            8. Bay Window

            Types of Windows in Building Construction

            Image credit: harveywindows.com

            The Bay window creates more space for the room. The frame is outward, adding more beauty to the building. The cost of the bay window is quite on the high side. It requires frequent replacement and maintenance and takes up outside space.

             

            9. Awning Windows

              Types of Windows in Building Construction

              Image credit: modernize.com

              Awning windows tilt inwards, making them similar to hoppers. They are easy to maintain, although, the exterior part of the window is not easy to clean. These windows are best for insulating the room and protecting the house from heavy snow and rain. However, the cost of getting this window is moderately expensive.

               

              10. Bow Window

                types of windows in construction

                Image credit: marvin.com

                They are regarded as having the best physical design. Bow windows have the similarities of a bay window; their shapes have the similarities of a hexagon. The edges are straight with arch and curved sides. The sizes are much bigger with more convenience. In terms of obtaining and installing them, the cost is pretty high.

                 

                11. Jalousie Window

                  types of windows in construction

                  Image credit: houselogic.com

                  Jalousie windows can effortlessly fit into any building structure. They are made of parallel glass, wooden louvers, as well as acrylic materials. Generally, they are known to be good for ventilation as they are easy to open and close. Their slanted designs make them safe for rain and storm. 

                   

                  12. Wooden Window

                  types of windows in construction

                  Image credit: dengarden.com

                  Wooden windows have been in existence since time immemorial. They are popular for extended life abilities, very easy to fix or remove, and come in various designs. The price for their material is affordable but the windows are prone to termite infestation.

                   

                  13. Oriel Window

                    Types of Windows in Building Construction

                    Image credit: availableideas.com

                    Oriel is globally recognized for its beauty and luxury. The most common place to find this type of window is in buildings with upper floors. Circles or brackets usually support oriel windows.

                    One of their features is extending the exterior room part. With the Oriel window, more light is generated in the room. The price range of this type of window is very high.

                     

                    14. Picture Window

                      Types of Windows in Building Construction

                      Image credit: tncwindows.com

                      Picture windows are the most suitable for none airflow. They are always fixed mainly to a wall of the building, especially two-story buildings. They are prone to less leakage of air since they are immobile and cannot be opened.

                      The windows have the aesthetic qualities of ensuring a broader view of the sun and are very inexpensive to own.   

                       

                      15. Louvered Window

                        what are different types of windows

                        Image credit: inso.co.za

                        A louvered window is one of the best for maximum ventilation. This type of window is usually patterned to be sloppy to run water off.

                        Usually, this window is fixed at 45 degrees to the shutter to provide flexibility. The shutter could be aluminum or wooden.

                        The window is easy to clean both inside and outside.

                         

                        16. Glass Block Window

                          what are different types of windows

                          Image credit: accuratebasementrepair.com

                          They are respected for providing the best security for homes and offices with their exquisite designs. Places they can be found include homes and public places. The windows offer no natural ventilation.

                           

                          17. Transom Window

                          Types of Windows in Building Construction

                          Image credit: sheerwaterglass.co.uk

                          Transom windows are one of the most common windows found in luxurious houses. They allow natural light penetration into the room and provide a maximum level of insulation. The cheap price range of the transom windows is one of the many benefits of the window. However, cleaning is very difficult.

                           

                          18. Cottage Window

                          Types of Windows in Building Construction

                          Image credit: majesticdesigns.co.uk

                          Cottage windows are always in demand because of style. They have similarities with double-hung and are usually referred to as the front window. The process of cleaning is difficult.

                          They are inexpensive to own and are mostly seen in traditional building designs.

                           

                          19. Skylight Window

                            Types of Windows in Building Construction

                            Image credit: made-in-china.com

                            This type is usually fixed on a roof, especially for daylight illumination. The windows are usually found in cabins and vacation houses; they give one of the most beautiful views. One of their demerits is that they are costly to fix.

                             

                            20. Clerestory Window

                              what are different types of windows

                              Image credit: blog.mykukun.com

                              Clerestory windows are specifically fixed near the top of a roof of a building. They are usually good for ventilation.

                              Closing and opening are done by using two cords that function differently. They are usually made of steel, aluminum, or wood but are often costly to purchase. The windows are durable and can last for a long time.

                               

                              21. Arched Window

                                what are different types of windows

                                Image credit: pellabranch.com

                                Arched windows are mostly seen in Roman structures. Although with low ventilation, their curved edges help to add to their excellent beauty, and their maintenance is easy. Designs of this window type come in different patterns, and they are suitable in times of emergency.

                                 

                                22. Storm Window

                                  Types of Windows in Building Construction

                                  Image credit: seawaywindow.com

                                  They are fixed either outside or inside the main glass window. This type of window is best for summer and winter. It is ideal for insulating the room, cheap to install, and offers top-notch designs for beautifying the house.

                                   

                                  23. Corner Window

                                    Types of Windows in Building Construction

                                    Image credit: pcaconsulting.uk

                                    The windows are structured in a way that they have two perpendicular directions. They are usually fixed at the edges or corners of a room and are reliable for light and air penetration. This design helps to add to the elegance of a building.

                                     

                                    Conclusion

                                    As a builder or an owner of a building, one of the most important things to note when constructing a building is the functionality of the windows. Windows are not only parts of buildings, but they also help bring ventilation and air.

                                    Researching the types of windows that fit a building helps to add exceptional beauty to such an environment.

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