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What is an Epoxy Floor?

What is an Epoxy Floor?

The realm of interior design is dynamic and has resulted in the emergence of several revolutionary solutions that blend aesthetics with durability

One such emergence is epoxy flooring which has allowed homeowners to enhance the visual appeal and longevity of their spaces.

Epoxy floors have been a popular choice of flooring for many years, creating the need to explore everything one would need to know about it.

This article demystifies the world of epoxy flooring and details its benefits, applications and pivotal role in transforming floors.

What is epoxy flooring?

epoxy flooring

Epoxy flooring is a special synthetic material that coats and protects your floors. It is constructed from a precise mixture of resin and hardening agents to form a plastic-like coating that is glossy and durable.

Once the resin layers are cured, they form a strong and permanent bond, thus acting as a decorative and impervious barrier to protect the surface underneath.

Epoxy flooring is a synthetic resin floor system laid on top of concrete substrates for both durability and visual attraction.

More than one layer of epoxy is usually applied to form a stain-resistant and easy-to-clean floor surface when it is cured. It can compromise several layers of thermosetting resin that is poured, coated or troweled and applied to concrete layers.

Typically, epoxy floors are at least 2 millimeters thick, and anything less is usually referred to as an epoxy floor coating.

What is the purpose of epoxy flooring?

epoxy flooring

Experts indicate that epoxy is one of the most recognized resin floor systems because of its excellent chemical and mechanical resistance properties.

Epoxy is a material that is highly resistant to chemicals, oils and cleaning agents. These properties make them suitable for environments where spills are common.

Epoxy is an impervious flooring material which fundamentally protects the concrete substrate underneath it from chemicals, liquids, dirt and other contaminants that can ruin the appearance and functionality of a flooring system.

The non-porous nature of epoxy flooring means it is easy to clean because stains and dirt can be easily wiped away. This reduces the need for extensive cleaning efforts.

Epoxy coatings are strong and long-lasting and thus, they can withstand heavy impact, wear and foot traffic. This makes them ideal for high-traffic, commercial and industrial applications.

Epoxy floors are also favored because they can be customized to a finish in a range of colors, effects and styles. This makes them a popular choice for enhancing the visual appeal of spaces.

Certain epoxy formulas can be tailored to provide slip-resistant surfaces to enhance safety in areas that are prone to slips and falls.

Epoxy flooring can withstand wildly varying temperatures, making it suitable for indoor and outdoor applications, and special areas like garage floors, freezer rooms and patios.

Furthermore, epoxy flooring can be applied relatively quickly compared to other flooring options, thus minimizing the time needed for installation.

There are various categories of epoxy floors for different use case scenarios.

Types of epoxy floors

Epoxy terrazzo flooring


This is a decorative, durable and colorful flooring surface made from colored epoxy and aggregates such as glass, marble and granite.

After the mixture settles, the flooring is polished to expose the aggregate and result in a smooth and hard-wearing decorative floor finish.

Epoxy terrazzo floors require simple maintenance and have a long life expectancy.

Epoxy flake coating

This epoxy flooring technique features colored chips scattered over a colored epoxy base coating and finished with a tough clear sealant. It results in a decorative floor finish that is easy to clean and has good resistance to foot traffic.

Self-levelling epoxy floors

This is a flooring system that has self-smoothing traits once it is poured onto a substrate, making it ideal for cracked and damaged concrete floors.

Self-levelling systems are between 1 to 3 mm and are applied in liquid form for a convenient installation process to result in a seamless finish.

Antistatic epoxy flooring

This is a hard-wearing floor coating that prevents the accumulation of electrostatic charge on the surface of the floor. Antistatic floor systems are expected to be compliant with antistatic standards and are designed to transfer static charge to defined earthing points.

Graveled epoxy coatings

This is a complex flooring system used for decorative purposes and creating excellent adhesion. Graveled epoxy coatings can be used to add brand marks, logotypes and decorative details to floors.

Vapor barrier epoxy coating

This epoxy barrier is applied directly over concrete floors to provide a surface with reduced vapor transmission. This coating is typically applied before the final flooring surface which can include sheet vinyl tile, hardwood floors and carpet.

Advantages of epoxy flooring

epoxy flooring

Epoxy flooring offers appealing aesthetics with a seamless and easy-to-clean surface in a wide range of customizable color options. They have varying flossy levels such as satin, high gloss and matte.

Epoxy flooring protects the concrete substrate from contaminants and does not require maintenance other than a standard cleaning process. This makes them ideal for creating long-term value options.

This flooring can accommodate heavy foot traffic and daily abuse from a wide range of equipment. Epoxy flooring is also largely free of volatile organic compounds and does not present environmental hazards.

Disadvantages of epoxy flooring

epoxy flooring

Epoxy floors are hard, and therefore offer a harsh underfoot feel with contact noise when walking with shoes on.

It is also difficult to install underfloor heating when using epoxy floors, and they often feel cold like tiled floors.

Any unevenness or cracks in the substrate can cause ripples that are visible in epoxy flooring.


Epoxy flooring is a synthetic material made of resin and hardening agent, forming a durable, glossy coating applied to concrete substrates.

It provides chemical resistance, easy cleaning, and customization options, making it suitable for various environments, including high-traffic and industrial areas.

There are several types of epoxy flooring including terrazzo, flake coating, self-leveling, antistatic, graveled coatings, and vapor barriers.

All of these variations have unique benefits such as aesthetics, easy maintenance, durability, and environmental safety, and drawbacks such as a hard feel, difficulty with underfloor heating, and visibility of substrate unevenness or cracks.

Contact a flooring expert and communicate your needs to get the best possible suggestions for your flooring system.

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