Construction Documents: Types of drawings for building design and their use

Floor plans, House Plans, Blueprints and many more can be used to describe construction drawings but behind all general names there are technical terms that describe each type of drawing or documents that are described below.

 In this exclusive guide

 1.0.  Pre - Construction Documents

1.1. Block Plan
1.2. Topographical Survey
1.3. Soil Survey
Construction Drawings

1.1 Block Plan


  • Topographical Survey
  • Soil Survey

2.0 Construction Documents

Architectural Drawings

Architectural drawings are normally prepared by Architects. The drawings are then presented to Engineers and Quantity surveyors for preparation of other construction documents

List of standard drawings included in Architectural drawings

Site Layout -
The layout is used to display relation between the house and all other elements that are to be built on the site such as parking, passages, soakage & septic tank positions.

Floor Plan layouts

Floor Plan Layouts can in many forms depending on the information that is displayed. This can range from a detailed plan with dimensions only that is used at site during construction to a simple furniture layout that can be easily understood by anyone.

 

  With detailed floor plan with dimensions you get to see 

  • Elevations
  • Sections
  • Construction Details
  • Doors and Windows Schedule
  • Schematic Electrical Layout

Structural Drawings

  • Columns Layout
  • Beam Layout
  • Bar Bending schedule
  • Structural Calculations
  • Roof Plan

MEP Drawings (Mechanical, Electrical and Plumbing Drawings

  • Waste & Foul water drainage
  • Clean Water

HVAC Drawings (Heating, Ventilation and Air Conditioning)

BOQs (Bills of Quantities)

List of documents included in Bills of Quantities

  1. Schedule of Materials

3D Perspectives (Photo-realistic rendering)

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